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Stomach ulcer

A stomach ulcer lasts for a long time and is a chronic and cyclical disease: it lasts for several years with periods of exacerbation and calm. Peptic ulcer disease worsens in the spring and autumn.

Duodenal ulcer disease is a negative change in the tissues of the duodenal mucosa under the influence of acid and pepsin in a person with hypersensitivity. The disease is characterized by a course with relapses, there are periods of exacerbation in spring or autumn and a time of calm. The ulcers heal by scarring.

According to statistics, about 10% of the world's population suffers from duodenal ulcer disease, while men are susceptible to this disease twice as often as women. The duodenum is affected by ulcers four times more than the stomach. In some patients, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer can occur simultaneously.

Causes of stomach ulcers
The development of ulcerative changes is associated with the activity of the microbe Helicobacter pylori, which damages the mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum. The disease develops due to a violation of certain processes: excretory, motor function of the stomach and duodenum, blood supply and the flow of nutrients into the mucous membrane. You can just buy aciphex for treatment.

The bacterium is transmitted from a sick person to another through close contact: when kissing, using dishes and towels, in violation of the rules of hygiene in the restroom. Microbes enter the stomach, multiply in it and negatively affect its condition. The production of special enzymes contributes to the destruction of the protective layer of the mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum, reduces the activity of cells, the formation of mucus, metabolic processes deteriorate, resulting in an ulcer.
Peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum occurs with negative factors. Among them, stress and nervous stress, heavy physical exertion, diseases of internal organs with prolonged appendicitis, chronic cholecystitis, cholelithiasis and other pathologies in the body are distinguished.

Factors contributing to the formation of ulcers in the stomach and duodenum:
• Nervous strain, emotional stress, anxiety. This leads to disruption of the autonomic nervous system with a high tone of the vagus nerve. There is a spasm of the muscles and blood vessels of the stomach, due to which the stomach ceases to receive normal nutrition, becomes more sensitive to the influence of hydrochloric acid. The gastric mucosa begins to be destroyed by active gastric juice.
• Poor diet, spicy, fatty and rough food. Lack of meals and wrong temperature of food (too cold or hot). As a result, the release of hydrochloric acid increases, which contributes to the destruction of the mucous membrane.
• Hereditary factor.
• Taking large quantities of drugs containing acid: aspirin, reserpine, corticosteroid hormones.
• Frequent use of alcoholic beverages. Ethanol negatively affects the gastric mucosa, enhances the production of hydrochloric acid, and reduces the protective mechanisms of the mucous membrane.
• Continuous smoking. The content of nicotine in the blood increases the secretion of gastric juice, inhibits the digestion of food, destroys the walls of the stomach, and reduces the protective ability of the mucous tissue to resist negative factors.